O#o (c) SoL

Cosmic Constants 2 Earth-Puzzel logo

  d.d. 2014.05.12

  The Audio recording:

The previous discussion explained where the physical constants come from.
It all comes down to geometry of energy momenta of electromagnetic fields.
It is all about the way Planck Quanta form forms.
The constants come out of that.

K, Coulombs Constant, and G, Newton's Constants are fundamental
This is shown in Tetryonics Book 4
Staring with the work of Newton; in his studies of motion.
In Tetryonics, the Planck Constant is an inductive magnetic loop.

They form 'electrical mass’, behaving just as inertial mass behaves.
They preserve their dynamic state, and will resist change.
Because the magnetic and electric will feed into each other.
Michael Faraday looked at that as the fields of force of electric and magnetic field lines.

These forces are invisible (even though Tetryonics shows them as shapes with colours).
We can see them as fields of electromagnetic quanta; static or electric.
These are neutral or charged force carriers.
They are seen as the linear momentum of a charged system.

Lorentz contraction describes the wavelength contraction of the mass energy.
Matter is invariant to contractions in the Lorentz fields.
The forces around matter are associated with a secondary field:
It is called the KEM field; has Planck quanta and linear momentum with vector motion.

Tetryonics shows how fields can interact (see the right of 61.01).
Depending on the field strength they will cancel out or create a field with a charge drive.
Superposition of energy on energy gives energy-squared.
That reconnects to the previous discussion.

We can now better understand the mechanics of gravity at all scales of the universe.
It is the unification of quantum relativistic classical (newton/Coulomb) models.
It shows how all these models can be integrated, in Tetryonics.
By starting with a N/S, +/-, equilateral triangles.

61.07 shows at how Poisson reformulated Gravity.
Newton did not yet have access to the findings of electrodynamics.
Coulomb found similar kind of effects and Newton.
Poisson saw how the equations were similar and sought to integrate them.

We have +, -, 0 charged particles of matter.
Their energy momenta can be explained - in their interaction.
The positive charge with + EM field in the left; is a + excess.
The negative charge at the right is likewise an EM field with - excess.

A + near a - will be accelerated.
A - near a - will be repelled.
In the centre, the neutral charge has both effects and balances out.
By the overlap, the energy is balanced; the field exists, but is NEUTRAL.

Poisson described how the energy fields of the particles overlap.
We can draw them as the Tetryonic energy components.
Coulomb describes it by K.
Newton describes it by G.

We are dealing with mass energies.
Gravity has the same geometry as coulomb.
The formulation is the same; although the charge is not.
That is shown by the different in the constant.

61.08 shows force interaction versus gravity.
Maxwell unified electric and magnetic forces.
And sought to apply the same idea for gravity.
This seeking the graviton as 'parallel' for the electron, proton, and neutron.

The difficulty was that - & - attract.
- & -, and + & + repel.
But gravity is a directed concentric effect.
Which requires a different perspective.

In the talk on Gravity it was explained that a graviton cannot exist.
Gravity originates from displaced vacuum energy.
But always comes together with an electric effect.
Gravito-Electro-Magnetism explains how that takes place.

The geometry is the same, for gravity and electromagnetism.
For any amount of mass, the force can be established.
Just as in electricity the force is a measure of the charge.
The geometry of the math is the same, as the equations show.

The difference lies in the constants K and G.
They reflect a difference in Quanta.
65.05 compares Coulomb versus Newton.
Comparing the Tetryonic notation with the standard formulation in physics.

It describes the interaction between two Bodies (masses of Matter).
It can be the relationship between the Sun and the Earth.
Each will have its own specific amount of Quanta (measured in c**2; a Matter Topology).
It is necessary to convert the Matter as mass as Energy; then superimpose the two fields.

The overlapping field is c**4; a Matter topology - shown in the overlap areas.
Newton calculated with mass-energy G.
Einstein replaced that by a pressure gradient of a circular system.
The geometry is different, but the result is the same.

Einstein corrected for increase in gravitational field of Matter-mass.
The fields represent the mass-Matter topologies; and their interaction.
Einstein has the big G, in c**4 space coordinates, for the Matter.
Einstein interpreted all as Energy, regardless if it was from mass, or from Matter.

Thereby he replaced physical by energy; and got better results than Newton.
Because he could address the gradients (which modern textbooks in physics do not show).
66.02 compares the physical fields with the electromagnetic fields.
Which is where physicists introduces the 'graviton'; acting towards the centre of Matter.

It is the Matter, not the mass, towards which the centripetal force of gravity 'aims'.
66.02 shows the interaction of electromagnetic forces on the left.
This is a flat mass geometry, within a closed volume.
In which material forms are, by definition, mutually space exclusive.

66.02, on the right, shows the interaction of Matter.
The interaction is of the same kind as in the electromagnetic field.
In this case Matter displaces the vacuum energy of the Void.
As a result, a counter 'pressure' is induced; due to the topology.

The vacuum energy of the environment 'acts back'.
It is the convergent force that we know as Gravity.
It is the 'famous 'nature abhors the vacuum'.
The vacuum pressure acts on matter; as centripetal force.

Newton described the formula of Gravity.
Coulomb found the same as mass-energy-geometries.
Newton therein is a gross generalisation.
It does not define the difference between mass and Matter; neither did Einstein.

Both researchers tried to model interaction of Matter; incompletely.
66.03 shows how we can account for the actual Planck energy involved.
In Newton's case it is the energy of the Matter;
In Coulomb's case it is the energy of charge/mass.

On the right it is clear that gravity is convergent.
While the electrical field is bi-directional.
In a sense they are the inverse of each other.
The material is in Matter; the Electrical between Matter.

k is a well-measured force.
G is an ill-measured force.
Too many other forces interfere with the measurement.
It is not possible to shield for it; due its connection to Matter.

The values are very different; as shown in their ratio.
We know it is about the amount of Quanta in the Field.
66.04 makes that explicit; comparing Newton with Coulomb.
They are shown as the energy momenta in/of the fields.

We must discern between the mass and the Matter.
They have very distinct properties.
The charge gives the 3D topology.
The mass gives the substance (separate from the charge).

66.05 links the two by the alpha-coupling-constant.
It is a 12.pi topology.
The proton and neutron are formed by the quark values.
This allows us to calculate the matter/charge ratio of the particles.

This makes it possible to compare the constants; the e**2 field.
These are the vector forces; momentum of the field.
K and G are only different forms of the a-coupling constant.
The difference lies in the amount of quanta, in the field.

66.08 shows the strength of interaction in a picture.
It shows the balance between the protons and electrons.
And shows how different their Material topologies are.
Tetryonics shows the exact values that come out of this.

67.01 unifies the unification of gravitation with electromagnetism.
Newton described the convergent force; not the polar-complementarity of electromagnetism.
Einstein ignores the mass-Matter content of the field; and regards both as energy.
Mass=/= Matter; mass is 2D; Matter is 3D

Physics ignores these facts: Tetryonics corrects that.
68.01 show the interaction of two material objects.
The gravitational AND the electromagnetic.
The arrows show the preponderance of centripetal gravitational, versus the polar electromagnetic.

ALL Matter (also, in motion) has an associated electromagnetic field.
It is a surrounding radiant EM field: which is bidirectional.
That means they add convergent AND divergent forces.

1) account for the topology; with CONVERGENT gravity forces.
2) account for mas-energy radiation around ANY topology (thermal and otherwise)
(These forces are bi directional.
68.02 compares Newton’s model with that of Einstein.

Newton regarded it as a force between to objects; always drawing them together.
Einstein regarded it as a pressure density to space-time-curvature.
The curvature causes the straight line motions to veer off.
Newton’s formula is simple: Einstein’s equation is complex and not easy to solve.

Both equations can be represented as a Force or Pressure gradient, respectively.
Both models do not distinguish mass versus Matter.
Tetryonics corrects that, by understanding charge and mas, versus Matter.
68.04 uses Tetryonics to links the models of Newton and Einstein.

Einstein related curvature to energy (The red energy component)
K (Kappa) therein is similar to Coulombs K, but different.
In the middle the energy levels are shown; with the associated KEM energy field.
The Matter displaces the energy; and induces a centripetal back-pressure: a gravity field.

Nearer the centre the field is weaker.
Similar tor (on the right) the KEM field of the interaction between atoms.
It is calculated by using Coulomb's constant.
Ike is the Kinetic Energy Field; thence "KEM".

It is a Matter topology, c**4 spatial field; a relativistic unified gravitational field.
It is what many theories sought to achieve: integrate Newton with Einstein.
G, k (coulomb), g (acceleration) and the pressure density gradient.
In the centre, the 4.pi Newtonian and 8.pi Einstein can be explained.

We can see that the Newtonian fields ignore the topology, and assume mass is a geometry (2.pi)
Einstein’s approach is based on special relativity: referring to the mass energy of radiant mass energy.
This is a circular field, plus an electromagnetic KEM field; which is a better representation.
But it must be corrected for the proximity of the topology of Matter; and their electromagnetic forces.

This hints at the difference in the coupling constant of Newton and Einstein.
60.04 shows this: Matte is a positive displacement topology: the gravity field.
When in motion, it will have an EM field.
If electrostatic, there will be a self-cancelling field also.

In Tetryonics Gravity = convergent for of displaced vacuum + radiant (bi-directional, interactional) EM field
The matter + Lorentz contacted energy = total energies in the region.
Einstein calculated all as energy momenta presented as gradients.
We now must see all of the components in themselves; in Tetryonics.

mass energy in special relativity has Lorentz contraction.
Matter has no Lorentz contraction; it is a 3D structure.
We must discern between the two: mass-energies, and gravitation effect of Matter.
All of this can be understood in terms of the alpha coupling constant.

This is a relativistic 4 vector of a 2-particle system.
It is different by the squared energy context of the fields.
M.v**2 stems from the superposition of the field.
This is seen as the kinetic energy, of the interaction.

k.E**2 = m**2.v**2 = momentum**2.velocity**2.
This is an unusual representation for the relativistic formulation.
Relativity uses right-angled formulation.
Tetryonics uses equilateral triangles, and shows what goes on.

Time is the change of momentum of any c**2 region.
Square metres/second; is delta-second (= Time).

Time is a measure of the changing energy geometry in any region.
3D space is a topology in a specific region.
There is no need to talk about curved space-time, or space.
69.08 shows the interaction of 2 particles, in their space regions.

gravitationally accelerate toward each other.
They are two matter topologies, with gravity fields.
Plus the EM fields associated with the objects.
In Proximity, the EM forces are predominant.

Away from the objects the pressure of the matter is observed most.
In metaphor: holding a balloon underwater will create pressure on the balloon.
All of the water around it will be displaced.
The interaction is an immediate reaction.

It is the amount of space taken up by the matter.
This is why Fermions cannot be in the same region of space.
On the right, the energy moment are shown.
This determines the force of interaction: 1) by matter topology (gravity) and 2) Energy of Motion (KEM field).

This applies to any, all, particles in the universe.
Without 10 simultaneous equations to solve
71.01 shows that simple geometry.
Of an electron being attracted in a deuterium nucleus.

The field has an up-spin on the electron.
This allows for energy storage in the system.
The proton has more mass than the proton.
It thus has a stronger gravitational effect.

In Tetryonics the sizes of the topologies can be shown.
The fascia of the topologies show the charges in the system.
This shows how and why the forces are less, when their distance is greater.
The geometry shows the same as Newton’s equations calculate.

General relativity is 8.pi versus Newton's 4.pi.
But general relativity is based on special relativity.
That is where Einstein thought that gravity curved the ray of light.
While in fact it was the electric field, not gravity (Matter) which causes it.

At the quantum scale the electromagnetic effects rule and must be taken into account.
General Relativity is a correction of Newtonian Gravitation.
Tetryonics shows that Gravity is an effect of Matter interaction.
The gravitational field has 3 forces: 1) displaced vacuum + 2) EM forces (+*-)

Tetryonics can give this solution by distinguishing mass from Matter.
71.03 summarises that as the Laplacian field of two particles interaction.
It is the superposition of two EM fields.
The direction of motion by charge, not the energy momenta, decide.

It is determined by the quanta in the field.
With convergent gravity.
And convergent and divergent electric forces.
With 'same' equations for Coulomb and Newton.

The net convergent force is seen when the electric forces cancel out.
In proximity this is not accurate: the bi-directional EM must be added.
Even planets are influenced by their EM fields.
Gravity (Matter Topology) + EM (mass geometry) must be unified.

71.05 is the Tetryonic representation for Newton’s formula. It can be drawn as circles, reflecting Einstein’s formulation.
71.07 shows the same for an EM field (of an Atom), with the radiant mass energies.
Different are the number of quanta, the coupling constant and the direction of the resulting force.
With gravity being convergent; and EM being convergent + divergent.

71.09 shows the same for the magnetic field: they do not extend as the electric does.
By their polarity they have diamond shape.
Compared to 71.03 (acceleration) 71.09 only steers, but does not cause motion.
Electric field accelerate; magnetic fields direct ('perturb').

Gravity, electric and magnetic must always be regarded, together.
The vector forces are created by the electromagnetic fields.
71.10 shows this for the interplay of the Moon and the Earth.
And the relatively different size of the 'displaced vacuum' (gravity).

They can be shown as two diamonds, and their coupling constants.
With a 4.pi energy densities, with a coupling constant alpha (or kappa).
The colour coding shows the superposition of the mass-energy field and the Matter topology with its displaced vacuum (4n.pi)
This is the Tetryonic mass-energy-Matter.

It combines Newton, Einstein, Coulomb, Poisson,
At the bottom the arrows show the convergent outnumbering the divergent.
71.12 shows what happens at the atomic level.
The same Tetryonic formulation.

76.02 maps the gravitational field between Sun and Moon.
The solar wind is the electrical particle acceleration.
The Sun's EM field is much larger than that of the Earth.
Their overlap, the energy field, gauges the gravity and electromagnetism.

The same is shown, top view, in 76.03
The interaction also has a divergent component.
Thence gravity can pull in; but the divergent force pushes them back, outward.
Thus the earth rotates the Sun and the Moon the Earth.

If gravity was only convergent planets would crash into each other.
Stable orbits require a balancing force.
76.09 shows this, and how time plays no role.
Newton's formula has no component of Time; neither does Tetryonics.

Einstein’s equation includes time; 'spooky action at a distance'.
But there, the speed of light is fixed.
In Tetryonics interaction ('at a distance') is instantaneous.
The linear momentum forms co-linear arrangements (if the waveforms are correct).

Linear forces form 'spokes' between the Earth and the Moon.
They are co-linear linear momenta, composed of longitudinal waves.
Without the correct geometry, this cannot be seen.
When seen, the details of this interaction can be understood.

Planets, comets, galaxies are instantaneously connected.
They are part of a share energy/information sharing field.
The momentum of the Sun is that of the Field.
And all elements in the field will have their equal proportional share of it.

The interaction at a distance is bi-directional.
79.03 addresses the gravity of matter topology singularities.
At the quantum/cosmological level.
We already explained that Tetryonics does not need black holes.

Instead, charged topologies are 'crucial'.
dodecahedral topologies couple mass and matter.
They are relativistically corrected, and colour coded.
The right side of the picture models the charge topology of an atom.

It has the gravity ad EM field.
This unifies Newton, Planck, Coulomb and Einstein. But requires differentiation of mass and Matter.
80.14 shows this as a unified theory of gravity.
With equilateral Planck energy momenta; and their charge distribution field.

The electric component is described by Dirac.
The electric forces follow from the geometry of the Planck Quanta.
Their variations follow from the motion of the Planck Quanta.
These form fields, which can be specified in detail.

The unification is the result of the underlying geometry of the mass-energy.
Physics describes the motion of particles.
Tetryonics focussed on the Planck quanta, the invisible fields between the particles.
With the explanation how forces act and interact.

The geometry is seen in the Planck unit.
80.15 shows the conservation of mass, energy, charge and angular momentum.
Changes in n nature are the result of the SQRT of equilateral triangles.
Energy in a field will have an asymmetry in charges, in the triangular scaled energy.

The Planck unit has opposite charge on either side.
Charge is thus always preserved; regardless how many quanta are involved.
Lorentz transformation flips the field, thus flips the charge; charge is preserved.
Time is simply the measurement of the arrangement of quanta in a region of observation.

Without quantum change, time stand still.
Omega, is the equilateral geometry of Tetryonics.
Omega/second is velocity squared.
With the right geometry all falls in place.

In summary: one aspect if NOT conserved: Matter.
That will be seen in start energy generation.
Mass cannot be created not destroyed.
But The Topology of Matter is variable: Matter CAN be created, and destroyed.

Creation of Matter requires intellect: information in formation.
Physics needs to account for the role of information in formation.

Classical Gravity was presented as a Pull
Tetryonics shows it is the Push, of Displaced Vacuum Energy.
Inside the Tetryon there is a Void, it is a quantum Faraday cage.
It is a positive displacement, 'pumping' the vacuum energy out.

That is why matter is solid and stable.
It is void; but 'nature abhors a vacuum'.
The back-pressure 'locks the tetrahedron in place'.
And thus represents a balance with the vacuum pressure in the whole universe.

When you look at the mechanics you can see how this can be understood.
The convergence of two objects by gravity lacks the EM understanding.
In cosmology, the bi-directional force must be included.
Then it becomes clear how the convergent/divergent and longitudinal/transverse play a role.

Only then do the anomalies in physics evaporate.
And it shows that gravity of the result of 3 forces.
And operates ate the micro and macro scales.
This applies to the subatomic particles, and the universe as a whole.

Now Tetryonics shows: Gravity converges; but  ... there is a counter force.
It is seen only when no longer looking at the particles/planets/Matter, but the field.
And thus shows we must look at the existence of electromagnetic fields in space.
Which is seen already in the core of Tetryonics: the Planck +/-, N/S polarity duality.

The plank unit is energy IN MOTION.
In the geometry of Tetryonics this is understood in integrity.
Which means we must look at universal phenomena in that manner.
Not by Gravity, but as an EM field.

see chapters 63-69 in Quantum Cosmology
It is relating mass versus matter


Linking triangles to Tetrahedra
Perpetuum Mobile and Faraday Cages
Forces versus Forms
Creation as verb, and as noun


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