O#o (c) SoL

Photons 3a Spectral Lines Earth-Puzzel logo

  d.d. 2014.05.19

  The Audio Recording:

Tetryonics 3 Spectral Lines
And what Tetryonics discovered.

See 1.gif

The firsts slides are images of the spectral lines.
Newton discovered how the colours of the rainbow can be created by using a prism.
We see only 1% of the radio wave frequencies.
Much more remains unseen.

See 2.gif

We learned about colours are frequencies of waves.
In the 1800's heat was understood to be connected to light.
Thence, ultraviolet and infrared came to be understood.
But what was NOT clear, was how those wavebands connected.

Mathematicians had difficulty finding a way to connect the two curves.
Max Planck studied the problem, and realised that the connection could not be made by maths.
He divided the frequency into the head range; as a mathematical trick: 'quantisation'.
It did not make sense to others, but in practice it seemed to work.

That led to the birth of Quantum Mechanics.
Which was very different from the wave oriented view of relativity.
Quantum Theory and Theory of Relativity could therefore not be connected.
Tetryonics, with its geometry gives a different approach.

See 4.jpg

Spectral frequency measurement is now a common technique.
Astronomers can measure the atom frequencies in the light of stars.
They arise from what is called the Quantum Jump; transitions between energy levels.
In Tetryonics it is seen to be squared; proportional to the mass-matter energy.

See 5,jpg

The energy transitions span the visible light, but also infrared and gamma rays.
They create the photo-electric effect.

See Bohr hydrogen.gif

18.04 is the basis for looking at spectral line.
It looks at the atom deuterium nuclei.
They can stack on top of each other; and act as quantum patterns.
One after the other raises the energy level; up to level 8.

Level 8 is the top; as the book quantum chemistry shows.
At level line, the electron will break free from the atom.
Bottom left you see the rest mass: the electron topology.
Leading to a net quantum charge of -12 (-1 in the old view).

The mass-Matter particle is stored in a KEM field.
The field is subject to Lorentz contraction.
Energy can be added or released.
The locking in of electrons changes the motion from linear to rotational.

The spin rate depends on the energy level of the deuterium nuclei.
The higher the energy level; the faster the spin.
At the highest level they are near able to spin off.
This is the photon-electron principle.

Electrons can accept energy to rise from the basic level N1.
18.05 shows that in an image.
Classically electrons jump from one square energy to another.
In Tetryonics it is not the electron, but the associated KEM field that changes.

The electron does not jump to a higher order.
It remains fixed in position, and rotates.
The Deuterium is a quantum synchronous convertor.
As more energy is stored, the rotor will spin faster; of in reverse.

This is used as capacitive braking in vehicles.
The electron is bound to the proton.
The KEM field mass energy contract is what changes.
That produces all the spectral lines and colours.

25.03 shows the energy levels, and the shift in frequencies.
When there are less quanta in the KEM field, the driving force voltage is less.
25.04 shows the same in a different manner.
On the left you see the boson content of the KEM fields (as shown by Fermat).

Fermat's squares are shown as equilateral triangles.
The triangles are show to contain more quanta, for the different energy levels.
The KEM field energies are shown on the right of the 'pillar' of atom cores.
At N8, no more energy can be added and stored; electrons will break free instead.

At N9, spin is replaced by linear motion: the energy accelerates away.
Adding energy per level adds more quanta; to fit the same field.
That is the Lorentz contraction; and compacting of quanta.
When energy is dissipated, the quanta unshrink; the wavelength lengthens'.

25.05 shows this as deBroglie wavelengths.
They are not based on atomic orbitals or pilot waves.
They are integer waves superimposed on the Bohr Radii.
In Tetryonics this explanation is meaningless.

Instead it is the result of invisible equilateral KEM fields.
Around ALL particles there is the associated KEM field.
It is always about changing the mass-Matter relationships.
Instead of wavelength colour codings are used in Tetryonics.

28.06 shows photon electron acceleration.
A rest photon has 0V and 0F; no associated KEM field.
When force is applied, the KEM field is charged up (cf. a wake around a boat that moves).
The force creates a direction of motion and a wake; the KEM field charge (acceleration).

Newton's Law: f=ma; Tetryonics shows that in a visual image.
Rest matter mass topologies DOT NOT CONTRACT.
The particle is always stable/inert; the KEM field however changes.
This is a fundamental distinction versus t he theory of relativity.

In Tetryonics this is colour coded; N1 - N8.
This is important in the spectral series transitions.
Their names are written under the electron energy levels, on the diagonal>
Tetryonics shows the existence of an as yet unnamed spectrum series.

Bottom right the energy is shown in terms of Photons.
Remember: 2 Bosons = 1 Photon; 2hn = hf.
28.07 shows the detail of the energy transitions in the atoms.
From the centre, the N1-N8 energy transition levels are shown.

N**2 is the energy level; which can be multiplied by the leptons.
This is shown diagonal light.
Vertical down the differential is shown: the amount of released bosons.
This is the quantum differential; and key value.

The initial minus the final energy state.
Bottom left details the wavelength (the blue arrow).
It is the Rydberg number; and the physical wavelength.
That results from the quantum jumps; and quantum density changes.

We can calculate this wave number function (or Schrödinger wave equation).
That will give the physical wavelength, and photon contraction.
Bottom left Rydberg's formula is shown.
It shows the change of energy quanta per meter.

Tetryonics shows the difference between two squares as triangles.
It can be calculated mathematically. (0.75)
or it can be inferred from the geometry. (0.75)
Rydberg’s formulae can thus be geometrised.

We can now see why Rydberg’s formula works,
28.08 shows the rest mass, relativistic mass, and KEM energies.
The KEM energy is in the EM field only; which can contract.
The rest matter (Matter) is velocity invariant.

Changes to the energy content are expressed by quantum differentials.
Rydberg's formula can be applied to the n1-n8 energy transition.
It describes how many quanta must be released between energy levels.
Exactly as the Rydberg formulation shows; now a Tetryonic energy level change.

28.10 compares Rydberg versus Tetryonics for all energy levels.
In each care the answer is the same; the geometry explains what that is so.
Bohr Radii or spectral transitions can describe the same.
The Ballmer series is best know, and most relevant; it leads to visible light.

It was the first to be studies.
Lyman applies to Gamma rays.
Passion does the same for the Infra Red.
Each transition has a geometric representation: see 28.11

Bosons differentials are release of Bosons in the KEM field.
Hv = Bosons; (not hf/2)
These bosons can be mistaken for photons, which they are not.
Single quantum level energy releases are possible as bosons only.

Some calculated frequencies are not photon based, but boson based
Top-right, bosons are compared to photons.
29.01 shows hoe energy shifts in the KEM field can take place.
thus 'continuous' is possible 'next to 'discrete'.

The spectral lines are boson/photon shifts.
29.03 shows the photon-electrons.
N1-N5 spectral lines, with their mass-velocity, are seen bottom left.
And can calculate the quanta energy changes.

A photoelectron is  (bound) electron wit a bound electron (see 29.03).
Starting with an N1 photon electron energy can be changed or discharged.
The energy level is lower in an electron.
Electrons interact and travel; linked they relate to quantum change as EM wave.

What you find is the Feynman diagrams; now as forces.
mass, mass-matter and Energy squares are the measure for energy.
It connects to Planck quanta, as field geometries.

29.04 shows the Rydberg formula geometry in KEM Fields
The formulation can be rearranged, depending on your perspective.
It is the unified formula for the KEM field.
Mass/c**2, is energy or momentum

The unified field has angular momentum.
with a linear/rotational KEM field.
29.05 shows the KEM energy levels; which can be calculated as frequencies, in the right.
13.6 electron volts are reawited

29.06 shows the calculation in terms of Bosons.
each energy level can be calculated in detail.

All energy transitions can be calculated, with below the spectral lines, and wave numbers.
The KEM field geometry can be used to assess the electron energies in atoms (29.07).

The energy level changes are in squares, shown in the triangles.
Rydberg’s formula can be replaced by the Tetryonic form.
29.08 now shows it as absorption line, instead of emission lines.
It is the reverse process of what we looked at before.

29.09 shows the entire spectral series.
They are the transition BETWEEN energy levels.
each is one energy level reduction.
From N8 to N7 in a single, unknown, spectral line.

The number of quanta per peter is as described by Rydberg's formula.
The geometry allows for direct calculation; for all energy forms.
The traditional ill-understood equation now has a simple geometric explanation.
All Rydberg’s constants are related to SQRT 56 = linear momentum of the n8 energy transition

29.10 shows the accepted value for Rydberg’s constant.
it is a wave number (inverse of a wavelength).
it is the number of quanta per linear metre.
It does not well describe the energy in a KEM field.

KEM fields are smaller than a meter.
The Rydberg mathematics works, but is no explanation.
SQRT 56 (transit from N*-N1) can be calculated.
Tetryonics finds the original value of the constant, before it was 'improved'...

Tetryonics does not need to solve for wave numbers.
The Rydberg number can be linked to nu, frequency, lambda and momentum.
The value = 27.49545
29.11 shows that Planck discovered the KEM field.

He looked at the KEM energy distribution,.
That depends on the quanta (distribution) in the field.
That is why the infrared and ultraviolet ends of the spectrum could both be connected.
As boson release between energy level, it is easy to understand, in Tetryonics.

Planck’s Law, nhv, the differential if Planck quanta in KEM fields, produces the measured photons and Bosons.
This spans all 8 spectral lines, of all spectral series.
It links Planck’s law to Rydberg, Weinstein, Raleigh-Jeans and the classical theory.
It gives a reinterpretation of relativity, by geometry.

29.16 shows the quanta between energy transitions.
FromN1 to N2 it is 3 out of 4.
For the next level it is 8 out of 9, and so on.
With now 3 ways of calculating the Rydberg number, wave number of quanta per meter.

In fact it is not per meter, but in the equilateral geometry.
Just as frequency is a full number of quanta; wave numbers are the 'spatial equivalent of frequency'.
This 'mathematics cannot be explained, without this geometry.
29.17 compares bosons and photons to energy momentum quanta.

1 photon = 2 Bosons; which can be summed up per energy level layer.
Bosons release can combine to make photons.
Spectral lines are produced by accelerating electrons.
Electron acceleration produces spectral lines.

As soon as the energy field changes, bosons must be released/accepted to change between levels.
The energy is stored in the nuclei.
The geometry in 29.17 explains it all (!)
You can visualise electrons in motion; in the diagrams.

No math is needed.
All you need: Rydberg is the SQRT of 756;
That can be sued for all equations.
Or shown as the geometry of 29.18

It represents a quantum differential.
it links quanta to spectral lined to deBroglie wavelengths, Compton frequencies.
The geometry represents the mass; and helps calculate all values of physics.
Fields and wavelengths and wave numbers are now integrated in the formulation.

29.20 shows how spectral lines combine.
Per energy level the energy change is different.
This is how infrared and ultraviolet are linked.
It is the energy release per second from the KEM field.


We elaborated on the quantum differentials (Fermat's difference of squares)
Niels Bohr represented as a jump of electrons.
In Tetryonics electrons are bound IN deuterium nuclei.
Half of the electrons are IN the Quantum Synchronous converter.

The energy inflow increases and stores the spin; but it will spin down to N1 over time.
The Ballmer series we can se: the visible light spectral series; the rainbow.
Lyman is infrared; and so on.
Leibnitz formulation is now the energy of KEM field; Newton is the linear momentum of the field.

Changes in the linear momentum (f=ma) can now be drawn.
Leibnitz, Newton, Bohr, Tesla/Westinghouse/Edison and Fermat/deBoglie/Planck are united.
The equilateral geometry accounts for the boson/photon
It all comes together in 96.01

In Tetryonics, the logic and calculations is simpler, by the geometry.
It is simpler that Rydberg and Fermat.
We see how it links to Newton and shows its limitations.
Topologies, dynamics, transitions, energy content (photons/bosons): 96.01 SHOWS IT ALL.

There are NO instantaneous quantum jumps.
Bosons are released by electromagnetic induction.
The weak force (addition/reduction) of Planck force drives Newton’s Equations.
PART @ will shows each of the spectral lines series; one page each; all the same transitions.

Rydberg Formula is all that is needed; and replaced by 4 sheets showing all colours of the atomic transitions.
Light, radiation, heat; all is based on this.
Lorentz contractions are shown; relativity is included.


NavLeft NavDown NavRight
[Tetryonics  {Created by Kelvin Abraham}] [Interviews] ["Experiencing a Paradigm Shift"] [Tetryonics in Education] ['Exploring the Unknown, Doing the Undone'] [Tetryonic Templates] ['Bottom-Up Modelling the Universe'] ['Playing with/at Universal Creation'] ['Linking Paper with Principles'] [The Tetryonics Atom] [Radio-Active Active-Radio] [Tetryonic Gravitation / 'Graviton'] [The Tetryon Universe] [The Tetryon Photon] [Tetryonic Biology] [Tetryonics Atomics: Static/Radiative Fields] [Tetryonic Electromagnetic Universe] [Hypothesising: Electric Field Healing] [Tetryonic Gravity 1 (Displaced Vacuum)] [Tetryonic Gravity 2 ((Anti)Matter)] [Triangles (forces) forming Tetrahedra (forms)] [Radio Circuits and/as Tetryonics] [Zero Point Energy Theory] [Zero Point Energy Technology] [P vs NP Problem Solution] [Navier Stokes Problem Solution] [mass AND Matter] [Cosmic Constants 1] [Cosmic Constants 2] [mass ON Matter] [mass VERSUS Matter] [Photons 1] [Photons 2] [Photons 3a Spectral Lines] [Photons 3b Spectral Lines] [Photons 4 Techology] [Water] [Atom Core - Deuteron] [Atom Composites - Overview] [Atom Aufbau] [Future Topics] [Info] [Course in Tetryonics] [Resources]